T Peter, General Secretary of the National Fishworkers Forum (NFF), passed away on 8 October 2020 from COVID-19 related complications in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala. He was 62 years old.

Peter fought for more than three decades, as a full-time activist and union organiser, to empower India’s fishing communities. He played a critical role in advancing their struggles from the margins into the political mainstream.

He joined the Kerala Independent Fishworkers Federation (KSMTF) in the early 1980s as a young militant organiser in the fight against trawlers which were destroying both the fragile coastal ecosystems and traditional livelihoods. He quickly rose through the union ranks, first to district-level leader and then to state president. His soulful association with groups as a cultural activist before being a political activist brought him closer to the community wherever he went.

After passing on the state leadership mantle to the next generation, Peter spent his last years playing a creative and active role at the national and international levels. Taking on the responsibility of the General Secretary of NFF, Peter had his task cut out in organising fishworkers’ unions across the coastal states and protecting the livelihoods of traditional and small-scale fishworkers from the destructive impacts of large development projects and market-driven globalisation.

As an executive member of the World Forum of Fisher Peoples (WFFP), Peter was instrumental in raising fisher concerns at multiple levels. He was central to the organising of the 7th General Assembly of WFFP in New Delhi in November 2017 which drew participants from across the world.

Peter was a firm believer in solidarity amongst various social, workers and environmental movements and constantly worked to forge alliances across a number of people’s platforms in India. He played an active role in the National Alliance of People’s Movements (NAPM) and worked closely with groups such as the All India Union of Forest Working People (AIUFWP), Bhumi Adhikar Andolan, New Trade Union Initiative (NTUI), Coalition for Environment Justice in India (CEJI) and Forum for Trade Justice.

His political astuteness, built over decades of experience of struggle and working with great leaders like Fr. Thomas Kochery, Harekrishna Debnath, Matanhy Saldanha and Ram Bhau Patil, among others, gave him a clear vision of what was demanded to protect rights of fisher folk of India, and also of the kind of action needed to protect India’s coastal areas for posterity.  He saw these struggles to save India’s coasts and its peoples as an integral part of organising against corporate led neoliberal development and for economic, social and environmental justice. This ensured that the NFF and KSMTF were active participants in many joint struggles against special economic zones, the World Trade Organisation (WTO), free trade agreements (FTAs), industrial corridors, nuclear parks and port expansion.

Peter was a well-known and respected media commentator and was also chief editor of ALAKAL, a fortnightly magazine published by KSMTF since 1985. Despite running at a financial loss, he ensured that the magazine was published on time to convey the message of the fishworkers to government officials, political leaders, media and the general public.

Ever so eager to learn new things, Peter pushed for these qualities to be developed in his coworkers and younger friends. The COVID-19 pandemic did not deter his ability to organise. He quickly mastered online mechanisms and ensured that various district level leaders of KSMTF and NFF were in touch through video calls, participating in meetings at the regional, national and international levels and that news about struggles and policy changes were regularly posted on social media, and thus reached the wider public.

When Kerala was hit by floods in 2018, Peter played a pivotal role in mobilising fishworkers and their boats in rescue and relief operations. His commitment to the issues of the fishworkers made him an important ally to leaders across the political spectrum.

Even in his last days, Peter was back on the streets mobilising KSMTF cadres to oppose the pro-corporate draft of the 2020 National Fisheries Policy and the West Coast Shipping Corridor being pushed unilaterally by India’s central government.

Despite all these responsibilities and roles, Peter was accessible and carried himself simply. He would walk boldly into any Ministry to push the public cause, just as he would walk into any fishworker’s home to extend solidarity or lead a rally asserting traditional fishers’ rights. His trademark all-weather, light blue, half-sleeve shirt and white mundu (dhoti) with a cotton cloth bag on the shoulder is how we will always remember Peteretan, as he was known to his younger friends.

Peter’s sudden passing is an irreparable loss to people’s movements in India and globally. His infectious energy and enthusiasm, which inspired millions across India, and elsewhere, will be deeply missed. His life’s mission – to work with commitment and for solidarity action towards justice and equality for all – will have to continue in our actions now.

Peteretan will always be with us to inspire us in our struggles for a better world.


In solidarity,


  1. All India Union of Forest Working People
  2. Vikalp Social Organisation
  3. Partners in Justice Concerns-India
  4. Bindarai Institute for Research, Study and Action (BIRSA)
  5. New Trade Union Initiative
  6. Minority Coordination Committee
  7. National Alliance of People Movements (NAPM)
  8. Delhi Forum
  9. Delhi Solidarity Group
  10. Chennai Solidarity Group
  11. Coastal Action Network
  12. SNEHA
  13. LAW Trust
  14. Pakistan India Peoples Forum for Peace and Democracy (PIPFPD)
  15. Third World Network
  16. Environment Support Group
  17. Coalition for Environmental Justice in India
  18. Programme for Social Action (PSA)
  19. Centre for Financial Accountability (CFA)
  20. Focus on the Global South
  21. Forum for Trade Justice