As ASEAN nears its 44th year, what social divides continue to haunt the governments and the peoples of the regional association? Similarly, what opportunities exist for other types of regionalism to emerge in the present conjuncture?

Here, Jenina Joy Chavez of Focus on the Global South addresses the questions and more in the Opening Plenary of the 2011 ACSC/APF in Jakarta, Indonesia. “We [Civil Society] must assert ourselves,” she contends, pointing to the real prospects of steering ASEAN in alternative, pro-people directions.