The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a regional mechanism, which
was created in 2001 and consists of the following:
People's Republic of China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. It was inspired by the need to solve the border disputes lingering between the Soviet Union's successor states and China in the wake of the end of the Cold War. Originally a Chinese initiative, taken after resolving their border problems with Central Asia and Russia, it was also profitable for the Central Asian States, which were lacking in consistency, stability and resources in the mid-nineties and struggling to establish multilateral and bilateral relations beyond the region. It was also designed as a platform to balance the role of the United States in the Central Asian region.
Main findings of this paper :
- The SCO has been able to meet with its initial objective to establish geopolitical multipolarity in Central Asia and check the US advance into the region.
- It is a reflection of the emerging multi-polar world.
- Its increasingly acquiring strength is suggestive of becoming a major political force of the Eurasian region.
- The SCO will play a vital role in ensuring international security.
Download the paper here
Edited by Dorothy-Grace Guerrero and Firoze Manji
China's New Role in Africa and the South: A search for a new perspective
China's global expansion is much talked about, but usually from the viewpoint of the West. This unique collection of essays, written by scholars
and activists from China and the global South, provides diverse views on the challenges faced by Africa, Latin America and Asia as a result of China's rise as a significant global economic power. Chinese aid, trade and investments - driven by the needs of its own economy - present both threats and opportunities for the South, requiring a nuanced analysis that goes beyond simplistic caricatures of ‘good' and ‘evil'.