The Single European Act ratified in 1987, introduces the discussion on migrants in the same paragraph as drug traffickers and terrorists. Ever since, European migration policy has pursued an approach of criminalizing migrants.
Fortress Europe, with the free movement of labour within its borders and militarized borders facing the rest of the world has been constructed step by step during the past two decades. We have witnessed the sustained and deeper criminalisation of migrants, not only by right wing extremists, but by government Ministers at the national level as well as by official policy makers at the European level. Since 9/11, the issue of migration and asylum has been drawn into the debate and policy making on security.
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