The support statement below, was submitted this morning to the Senate during the hearings on the Bangsamoro Basic Law. A video presenting the perspectives of non-Moro IP communities on this issue is also available on UCA News.
REITERATING THE CALL FOR THE FULL INCLUSION OF NON-MORO IP RIGHTS IN THE BBL
We are organizations from different sectors and advocacies that have been supportive of the peace process between the GPH-MILF. We share the dream of genuine peace in Mindanao that would be enjoyed by all the peoples in the region.
We recognize that the passage of a Bangsamoro Basic Law (BBL) is a critical step towards achieving peace. This is why we have engaged the members of the Congress by participating as resource persons in the hearings, submitted position papers, and have had discussions on the critical points that would make the draft BBL truly inclusive and an instrument of correcting historical injustices in the region. We have pushed for the full inclusion of Indigenous peoples’ Rights in the BBL.
The amendment approved by the Adhoc committee of the House of Representatives on the transfer of Ancestral Domains/Ancestral Lands of Non-Moro Indigenous Peoples from exclusive power to concurrent power is a positive development that we recognize. This amendment articulates the recognition of “their ancestral domains and their rights thereto.” Further it states that “The Bangsamoro Government and the National Government shall cooperate and coordinate through existing national laws such as Republic Act No. 8371, otherwise known as the “Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Act of 1997,” to create policies for the identification, delineation and titling of ancestral domains.” (Sec. 2, Article V)
We agree, however, with the statement of the UN Special Rapporteur of Indigenous Peoples Rights Vicky Tauli-Corpuz, that the House Bill 4994 and its amended version “fall short in meeting the minimum international standards contained in the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) for the survival, dignity, and well being of the Non-Moro Indigenous Peoples. It also diminishes some of the rights of indigenous peoples contained in IPRA.”
There are contradictory provisions in the amended version approved by the House Adhoc Committee that could seriously undermine the rights of Non-Moro indigenous peoples. While Article V, Section 2 has been amended making the creation of policies on ancestral domains part of the concurrent powers shared by both the National Government and the Bangsamoro Government, Section 3 of Article V on Exclusive powers maintains that the Bangsamoro Government shall exercise exclusive powers on Ancestral domain and Natural Resources.
Furthermore, there are provisions in the proposed BBL and retained in the version approved in the Adhoc version that effectively repeals some IPRA provisions. For example the provision in Article V Section 4 (other Exclusive Powers) gives the Bangsamoro Government exclusive powers “to recognize, constructive or traditional possession of lands and resources by indigenous cultural communities subject to judicial affirmation.” The premise of judicial affirmation is that all lands are public lands. This effectively contradicts the recognition that some domains are ancestral hence private but collectively-owned, which is the basis for the issuance of Certificates of Ancestral Domain Titles or CADT.
At the heart of the demand for full recognition of IP rights is the identity of the non-Moro Indigenous Peoples. For without identity, it is as if their entire being is erased. And it is from a people’s identity that rights emanate from – their right to ancestral domain, cultural integrity, governance and justice system.
However, the definition of Bangsamoro People in Article II diminishes the distinct identity of the non-Moro Indigenous Peoples, by subsuming all the “natives or original inhabitants of Mindanao and the Sulu” and their “Spouses and their descendants” as Bangsamoro. This clearly denies them their collective identity. Section 2 of the same article, Freedom of Choice, says that “other indigenous peoples” can choose their identity. But as the Lumad leaders say, being Teduray, or Lambangian, or Erumanen Manuvu, is not a matter of choice. You are born with your identity. Rep. Act 8371 or the Indigenous Peoples Rights Act (IPRA) has a clear definition of who the Indigenous Peoples are.
Mohagher Iqbal’s statements that the MILF does not “accept in principle” the inclusion of IPRA in the BBL because it is "nowhere to be found" in any agreement signed between the MILF and the Philippine government exposed the failure of the GPH panel and the OPAPP (Office of the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process) to defend Non-Moro indigenous peoples rights. The government has effectively sold out IP rights even at the onset of the peace negotiations. This is despite years of committed engagement by the lumads and support groups with the peace panel for the inclusion of non-Moro Indigenous Peoples rights in the BBL.
The Indigenous Peoples have been betrayed by the Aquino government. The deliberate non-inclusion of the non-Moro IP rights in the draft BBL version from the peace panel is a clear act of discrimination.
We urge the members of the House of Congress and the Senate to not let historical, cultural and social justice elude the non-Moro Indigenous Peoples once again. As legislators tasked to enact this historic law, you hold the key for this new chapter in Philippine history to progress, and the responsibility to correct historical injustices. We demand careful and thorough deliberation of the draft BBL. The benefits and consequences of this law go beyond this generation.
We appeal for public support in this endeavor to uphold the rights of our non-Moro IP brothers and sisters.
There will be no peace and justice in Mindanao without the full recognition of the rights of indigenous peoples.
Alyansa Tigil Mina (ATM)
Bukluran ng Manggagawang Pilipino (BMP)
Federation of Free Workers (FFW)
Focus on the Global South
Freedom from Debt Coalition (FDC)
Kaagapay OFW Resource and Service Center, Inc
KILOS KA-Lanao (lanao del norte)
Kilusang Maralita sa Kanayunan (KILOS Ka-MagCot)
Lanao Alliance of Human Rights Advocates ( iligan city)
Labor Education and Research Network (LEARN)
Legal Rights and Natural Resource Center (LRC)
Liga ng Makabagong Kabataan- Ranaw
Lilak (Purple Action for Indigenous Women's Rights)
Partido ng Manggagawa (PM)
Mindanao Peoples' Peace Movement (MPPM)
Mindanao Tri-People Women Forum
Minadanao Tri-Women Resource Center (MTWRC)
Nagkahiusang Mag-uumang Organiko sa Agusan del Sur
National Confederation of Labor (NCL)
Pambansang Koalisyon ng mga Kababaihan sa Kanayunan (PKKK)
Peace Women Partners
Philippine Rural Reconstruction Movement (PRRM)
Public Services Labor Independent Confederation (PSLINK)
Sentro ng mga Nagkakaisa at Progresibong Manggagawa (SENTRO)
Stop the War Coalition-Philippines
Tebtebba (Indigenous Peoples’ International Centre for Policy Research and Education)
Tri-People's Organization Against Disasters (TRIPOD) Foundation
World March of Women - Pilipinas (WMW)
Professor Roland Simbulan of UP Manila
Hansley Juliano, Lecturer, Ateneo de Manila University
Dr. Helen Mendoza, University of the Philippines Diliman (retired faculty)
Ms. Aida F, Santos-Maranan, Executive Director, WEDPRO